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The Latin kings of Alba Longa, also referred to as the Latin kings of Rome or Alban kings of Rome, are a series of legendary kings of Latium ruling mainly from Alba Longa. In the mythic tradition of the founding of Rome, they fill the 400-year gap between the settlement of Aeneas in Italy and the establishing of the city walls of Rome by Romulus and Remus. It was this line of descent to which the Julii claimed kinship. After the defeat and destruction of Alba Longa and the incorporation of Latium into the Roman state, the Alban kingship is succeeded by the series of kings usually called "Etruscan," though only a few members of this line were brought in from neighboring Etruria to reign.
List of Latin kings The following list is based on Livy and Dionysius of Halicarnassus, who is the source for the length of each reign.
- Latinus, king of the "Aborigines", who gave his name to the new state of the Latins to be ruled from Laurentum by Aeneas and his own daughter Lavinia, given in marriage to Aeneas.
- Aeneas, a noble Trojan leading a force fleeing from the collapse of Troy. Listed as the first Latin king by both Livy and Dionysius. He ruled at Lavinium.
- Ascanius. A prior son of Aeneas and his Trojan wife Creusa. Founder of Alba Longa. Reigned there for 38 years. (BCE 1179-1141)
- Silvius. A son of Aeneas and Lavinia, younger half-brother of Ascanius. Reigned for 29 years. (BCE 1141-1112)
- Aeneas Silvius. A son of Silvius. Reigned for 31 years. (BCE 1112-1081)
- Latinus Silvius. Possibly a son of Aeneas Silvius. Reigned for 51 years. (BCE 1081-1030)
- Alba. Possibly a son of Latinus. Reigned for 39 years. (BCE 1030-991)
- Atys (in Livy) or Capetus (in Dionysius). Possibly a son of Alba. Reigned for 26 years. (BCE 991-965)
- Capys. Possibly a son of Capetus. Reigned for 28 years. (BCE 965-937)
- Capetus (II) or Calpetus. Possibly a son of Capys. Reigned for 13 years. (BCE 937-924)
- Tiberinus Silvius. Possibly a son of Capetus II. Reigned for 8 years. (BCE 924-916) Reportedly slain in battle near the Albula river and his body was carried away by it. The river was renamed Tiber.
- Agrippa. Possibly a son of Tiberinus. Reigned for 41 years. (BCE 916-875)
- Romulus Silvius (in Livy) or Alladius (in Dionysius). Possibly a son of Agrippa. Reigned for 19 years. (BCE 875-856) Reportedly a tyrant and contemptuous of the Gods. He frightened the people by throwing thunderbolts at them, until he himself was murdered by one and his house was submerged in the Alban Lake.
- Aventinus. Possibly a son of Alladius. Reigned for 37 years. (BCE 856-819) The Aventine Hill was reportedly named after him.
- Procas or Proca. Possibly a son of Aventinus. Reigned for 23 years. (BCE 819-796)
- Amulius. A younger son of Procas who reportedly usurped the throne. Reigned for 42 years. (BCE 796-754) Slain by his grand-nephews Romulus and Remus.
- Numitor. The older brother of Amulius. Reportedly succeeded him a year before the foundation of Rome. His successor is not named, but there must have been one, and he must have been of the same dynasty, as Gaius Cluilius, last king of Alba, descended from Aeneas, dies of natural causes while in camp during the siege of Rome under the kingship of Tullus Hostilius.
- Romulus. First king of Rome, ruling at Rome. The son of Rhea Silvia, daughter of Numitor.
Ferdinand Bol - Aeneas at the court of Latinus.